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Tuesday, November 14, 2017

indian independence activists: Wikis

indian independence activists: Wikis

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This is a listing of people who campaigned against or are considered to have campaigned against foreign domination and cultural imposition on the Indian sub-continent. In India and the rest of South Asia such individuals are often referred to as freedom fighters.
Soon after the Europeans reached the Indian shores, with the arrival of Vasco da Gama in 1498 at Kappad shore at the port of Kozhikode in Kerala, segments of the indigenous population began intermittent rebellions against foreign powers and their cultural values.
Initially these revolts were by Arabs, Jews, Chinese traders, and local merchants as a rebellion against Portuguese traders to protect their own profits. Later many of the revolts had aspects of being over religious beliefs, taxation, administrative power, etc. These revolts occurred against various Europeans powers, but mainly against Britain, the primary occupier.


18th Century


  • Maruthu Pandiyar (Periya Maruthu, Chinna Maruthu brothers,Tamil Nadu)
  • Kitturu Chennamma (the first woman independence activist of India)
  • Sangoli Rayanna- son of Karnataka

Freedom Fighters of 1857

Indian Renaissance

Political organizations

Leaders from Bengal and Northeastern India

Leaders from North, United Provinces, Bihar and Central India

Leaders from Punjab and Northwest India

Leaders from Gujarat and Maharashtra

Leaders from South India

  • Alluri Sita Rama Raju
  • Amarajeevi Potti Sreeramulu
  • Chakravarti Rajgopalachari
  • Sardar Vedaratnam
  • Kayyara Kinyanna Rai
  • Krishna Menon
  • Mathai Manjooran
  • P. J. Sebastian
  • Pattabhi Sitarammiaya
  • Kandukuri Veeresalingam
  • Sarojini Naidu
  • Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
  • S. Srinivasa Iyengar
  • S. K. Amin
  • Kalvakuntla Chandrasena Gupta
  • Pinnamaneni Sreeramachandra Rao
  • Pulapa Posayya
  • Geda Raghunayakulu
  • Krovvidi Lingaraju
  • Thiruppur Kumaran
  • K. Kunhambu
  • Tanguturi Prakasham Panthulu
  • Puli Thevar, Polygar chieftain who fought the British East India Company in the 1750s and 1760s. First general of Tamil origin to fight against the British.
  • Kattabomman (1760-1799), Polygar chief of Panchalakurichi who fought the British in the First Polygar War. He was captured by the British at the end of the war and hanged.
  • The Maruthu Pandiyar brothers Periya Marudhu and Chinna Marudhu who fought the British in the First and Second Polygar Wars.
  • Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756-1805), Polygar chieftain and feudatory of Tipu Sultan who fought the British in the Second Polygar War.
  • Sir S. Subramania Iyer (1842-1925), lawyer, jurist and theosophist who co-founded the Home Rule Movement along with Annie Besant, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mohammad Ali Jinnah. He is affectionately called Grand Old Man of South India.
  • G. Subramania Iyer (1855-1916), Freedom fighter and founder of "The Hindu" English newspaper.
  • V.O. Chidambaram Pillai (1872–1936), independence fighter, who launched the first Indian ship on Indian waters under British Rule.
  • V. V. S Iyer (1881-1925) Tamil scholar and freedom fighter.
  • Subramanya Bharathy (1882-1921), Indian freedom fighter, Tamil poet and social reformer. Often regarded as the national poet of Tamil Nadu.
  • Sathyamurthy (1887-1943), Indian freedom fighter and leader of the Congress party in the erstwhile Madras presidency.
  • Vanchinathan (1886-1911), Patriot who killed General Ash and committed suicide at Maniyachi.
  • Kalki Sadasivam (1902-1997), Freedom fighter and husband of famous singer M.S. Subbulakshmi.
  • Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar (1908–1964), independence fighter and All India Forward Bloc Leader.
  • Quaaid-E-Milath Mohamed Ismail, independence fighter, Member of Parliament and was the President of Indian Muslim League.
  • Lakshmi Sehgal (1914-), Head of Rani Jhansi Brigade, women's wing of the INA and a close associate of Netaji Subash Chandra Bose. Presidential candidate in 2002 President's election.
  • A. Vaidyanatha Iyer
  • Thyagaraja Sivam
  • Chidambara Bharathi
  • Subramanya Siva
  • N. Somayajulu
  • Krishna Kundu
  • Munagala Pattabhiramaiah
  • Mattapparai Venkatrama Iyer
  • Dr. Rukmini Lakshmipathy
  • K.S. Subramaniam
  • N.S. Varadachari
  • K. Santhanam
  • Mannargudi K. Bhashyam
  • George Gheverghese Joseph
  • IDF Sundararaja Iyengar
  • Salem C. Vijayaraghavachariar
  • Sangu Subramaniam
  • 'Va.Ra.' V. Ramaswami
  • Valangaiman S. Srinivasa Sastri
  • N.M.R. Subburaman
  • Krishnaswami Bharathi
  • 'Vastaad' Sundaram Pillai
  • Dr. Pichamuthu Ammaal
  • Bharathamuthu Thevar
  • Maulana Sahib
  • Srinivasavaradhan
  • Dindigul T.R. Mahadeva Iyer
  • Nityananda Adigal
  • Dr. Varadarajulu Naidu
  • G.A. Natesan
  • Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddy
  • Pandit Muthaiya Das
  • Thootukudi Masilamani Pillai
  • Yagneswara Sarma
  • Vignesh Sridharan

Prominent European activists


  • Indian Independence Movement, Indian Nationalism

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