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Saturday, July 3, 2010

3 - RAWAL JAISAL SINGH (BHATTI RAJPUT ) YADAV LINEAGE - Ancient Migration Route of Yadavas

Yadav lineage
Ancient Migration Route of Yadavas

Of the many branches of the Chandravansh line that has been briefly enumerated, the Yadava lineage is a major branch. This branch is an offshoot of the Bharatvansh which started with the eldest son of Yayati, Yadu. All his descendants are known as Yadavas of Yaduvansh, meaning descendants of Yadu. Another son of Yayati, Puru started the Puruvansh who were the progenitors of the Kuru and Pandava line of Chandravanshi line of Kshatriyas.[3] Based on the writings of Puranas, the Itihaasa Mahabharata and the Raghuvamsa, Lord Krishna was born into the Yadava branch and is considered an ancestor by Yadav Kshatriyas. During the Mahabharat, Chandravansh was only associated with Yadavas and Soorsainis (explain how?). The Bhati, Chandela who built Khajuraho) and Jadaun/Jadeja clans claim that they are Chandravansis. Several Indian castes such as the Sainis of Punjab[4][5] and contiguous regions, and the Jats of Mathura and Bharatpur, claim descent from the Yaduvanshi lineage.[3]. The Yaduvanshis (aka Shoorsainis), and the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri[6] claim descent from the Hindu God Krishna.
See also

    * Pal-Pali
    * Puru
    * Varma
    * Yadav
    * Rawal Jaisal
    * Jaisalmer
    * Bharatpur, India
    * List of Dhangar clans in India
    * Bhati
    * Gawli
    * Yadu
    * Ahirwar/Aharwar
    * Kshatriyas
    * Martial Races
    * Rajput Clans


   1.  Chandravansh - Treta Yug, 2nd Leg
   2.  Bhavishya Purana, 3-Pratisarg, p 274-275

   4. People of India: Haryana, pp 430, Kumar Suresh Singh, Madan Lal Sharma, A. K. Bhatia, Anthropological Survey of India, Published by Published on behalf of Anthropological Survey of India by Manohar Publishers, 1994
   5. "In the Punjab in the sub- mountainous region the community came to be known as 'Saini'. It maintained its Rajput character despite migration." Castes and Tribes of Rajasthan, pp108, Sukhvir Singh Gahlot, Banshi Dhar, Jain Brothers, 1989
   6. Robin James Moore. Tradition and Politics in South Asia. 1979. Vikas Publishing House.

(7) Bhavishya Purana, by B.K. Chaturvedi, page 60. (8) Genealogical tables of the deities, princes, heroes, and remarkable personages, of the Hindus, with an intr. and

Early history
Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadava Dynasty and its neighbors.

Lord Krishna had eight wives, Rukmini was the senior wife whose son Pradyumna was married to a Vidarbha Princess who bore his two sons - Aniruddha and Vajranabha. Vajranabha had two sons - Shankhanabha and Khira. Vajranabha was in mathura when the Yadu fights happened in Dwarka and all were killed. Hearing this Vajranabha died of grief and Shankanabha was elected king and returned to Mathura. His brother Khira went ahead to Dwarka. ShankaNabha had issue Prithibahu and his brother Khira had issues Jareja (Jadeja) and Yudhhabhan.

       Lord Krishna+Devi Rukmini
      |                  |
     Aniruddh    Vajranabh
                    |                   |
                   Shankhanabha      Khira
                    |                   |
                    |            ---------------------
                    |            |                    |
                Ptitibahu     Jadeja               Yudhbhan

The other tribes who were often defeated by great Yadus now attacked Dwarka and Nabha had to flee Dwarka and became king of Marusthali. His son Prithibahu inherited the insignia of Lord Krishna and the chatri (Royal Umbrella) made by Vishwakarma. His descendant was Bahubal who married Kamlavati the daughter of King Vijay Singh of Malwa. Bahubal was killed in a horse accident and his son was Subahu.

Subahu was married to daughter Chauhan king of Ajmer, Subahu fought many wars with Mallechha's (western warriors). His son was Rajh who was married to Sobhag Sundari, daughter of Malwa prince Veer Singh. Rajh's son was Gaj, who married the daughter of Yudhbhan, the prince of Purabdes.

Gaj faced an army of Farid Shah Mamrez of Khorassan with an army of 4 Lakh, the armies met at Kunjshahr. The invaders were defeated and lost 30,000 men, the Rajputs lost 4000. Khorassan king attacked again and was defeated in second battle but Raja Rajh was slain. Khorasan king again conspired with Romipati, king of Rum, and seeing the odds against his army, Raja Gaj decided to go north and established Gajini (in modern day Afghanistan). When the two armies were about to meet, the king of Khorasan died of dysentry, when the news of Khorasan king Mamrez's death was told to Romi Pati, king of Rum, although disappointed, still decided to go ahead with War. This was year 3008 Dharmraj Yudhisther Samvat and on 3rd of Baishakh month of rohini nakshatra, The Hindus defeated the Malechha Armies of Khorasan and Rum. Guj, seated on Gajni maintained the Jadon race. He then conquered all countries to west and sent ambassador to Kashmir, Gaj invaded Kashmir and whose princess he married and had a son called Salivahan. When Salivahan was 12, another wave came from west from Khorasan, Raja Guj sent Salivahan with some trusted members to Jvala Mukhi in Kangra (Himachal Pradesh). Raja Guj lost Gajni and was slain along with other clansmen.

Gaj's son was Raja Salivahan, he established Salivahanpur in Vikram Samvat 72 (129 AD), Salbahan conquered the whole region of the Panjab. He had fifteen sons who all became Rajas namely

      |      |     |          |     |    |     |      |      |   |    |      |     |
   Baland Rasalu Dharmangad Vacha Rupa Sundar Lekh Jaskaran Nema Mat Nipak Gangau Jagau

all of whom by the strength of their own arms established themselves in independence.

The coconut (marriage proposal) from Raja Jaipal Tuar was sent from Delhi and accepted, Prince Baland proceeded to Delhi whose prince advanced to meet him. On his return with his bride Salbahan was determined to redeem Gajni from the foe and avenge his father's death He crossed the Attock to encounter Jalal who advanced at the head of twenty thousand men. Crowned with victory he regained possession of Gajni where he left Baland and returned to his capital in the Panjab he soon after died having ruled thirty three years and nine months.

Raja Baland succeeded. His brothers had now established themselves in all the mountainous tracts of the Panjab. But the Turks began rapidly to increase and to subjugate all beneath their sway and the lands around Gajni were again in their power. Baland had no minister but superintended in person all the details of his government. He had seven sons viz:

  |         |      |     |    |     |          |
 Bhatt  Bhupati Kalar Janj Sarmor Bhainsrekha Mangreo.

Chakito tribe

The second son of Baland was Bhupati (i.e., lord of the earth)and he had a son Chakito from whom is descended the Chakito Chagatai tribe.

Baland who resided at Salbahanpur left Gajni to the charge of his grandson Chakito and as the power of the barbarian Mlechchha increased he not only entertained troops of that race but all his nobles were of the same body. They offered him a deal that if he would quit the religion of his fathers (Hinduism) to make him master of Balkh Bokhara where dwelt the Usbek race whose king had no offspring but one daughter. Chakito married her and became king of Balkh Bokhara and lord of twenty eight thousand horse Between Balkh and Bokhara runs a mighty river and Chakito was king of all from the gate of Balakhshan to the face of Hindustan and from him is descended the tribe of Chakito Mongols.

Kalar - third son of Baland had eight sons whose descendants are designated Kalar. Their names were Sheodas Ramdas Aso Krishna Sama Ganga Jassa Bhaga almost all of whom became Musalmans. They are a numerous race inhabiting the mountainous countries west of the river 4 and notorious robbers.

Janj - the fourth son had seven sons Champa Gokul Mehraj Hansa Bhadon Rasa Jaga all whose issue bore the name of Janj and in like manner did the other sons become the patriarchs of tribes.

Bhatti succeeded his father Baland. He conquered fourteen princes and added their fortunes to his own. Among his effects he reckoned twenty four thousand mules laden with treasure, sixty thousand horse and innumerable foot. As soon as he mounted the gaddi he assembled all his forces at Lahore preparatory to the tika daur, destined against Birbhan Baghel lord of Kanakpur, Birbhan fell in the battle which ensued at the head of forty thousand men.

Bhatti had two sons Mangal Rao and Masur Rao. With Bhatti the patronymic was changed and the tribe thenceforth was distinguished by his name - the Bhatis.

Mangal Rao succeeded but his fortune was not equal to that of his fathers, Dhundi king of Ghazni, with a mighty force invaded Lahore, nor did Mangal Rao opposed him but with his eldest son fled into the wilds on the banks of the river. The foe then invested Salbahanpur where resided the family of the Raja but Masur Rao escaped and fled to the Lakhi Jungle. There being only a cultivating peasantry in this tract he overcame them and became master of the country.

Masur Rao had two sons Abhai Rao and Saran Rao. The elder Abhai Rao brought the whole Lakhi Jungle under his control and his issue which multiplied became famous as the Aboharia Bhattis. Saran quarrelled with and separated from his brother and his issue descended to the rank of cultivators and are well known as the Saran Jats.

Mangal Rao the son of Bhatti and who abandoned his kingdom had six sons viz:

            Mangal Rao
           |      |   |        |       |     |     |   
          Majam Rao Kalarsi Mulraj Sheoraj Phul Kewala.
      |      |          | 
      Kehar Mulrai and Gogli.

When Mangal Rao fled from the king his children were secreted in the houses of his subjects [Ref: Todd - page 1186]. Mangal Rao who found shelter in the wilds of the Gara, crossed that stream and subjugated a new territory At this period the tribe of Baraha, inhabited the banks of the river beyond them were the Buta Rajputs of Butaban. In Pugal dwelt the Pramara, in Dhat the Sodha race and the Lodra Rajputs in Lodorva. Here Mangal Rao found security and with the sanction of the Sodha prince he fixed his future abode in the centre of the lands of the Lodras the Barahas and the Sodhas.

On the death of Mangal Rao he was succeeded by Majam Rao who escaped from Salbahanpur with his father. He was recognized by all the neighbouring princes who sent the usual presents on his accession and the Sodha prince of Amarkot made an offer of his daughter in marriage which was accepted and the nuptials were solemnized at Amarkot. He had three sons viz:

Kehar Mulraj and Gogli.

Rao Kehar became renowned for his exploits. Hearing of a caravan kafila of five hundred horses going from Aror to Multan he pursued them with a chosen band disguised as camel merchants and came up with his prey across the Panjnad where he attacked and captured it and returned to his abode. By such exploits he became known and the coconut (nariyal) was sent to Majam Rao for his two elder sons by Alansi Deora of Jalor. The nuptials were celebrated with great splendour and on their return Kehar laid the foundation of a castle which he named Tanot in honour of Goddess Tana or Tanuja maata, Ere it was completed Rao Majam died, Rao Tano succeeded. Rao Kehar had five sons viz:

 |       |     |      |
Tano Utirao Chanar Kaphrio.

All of them had offspring who became the heads of clans retaining the patronymic. All were soldiers of fortune and they conquered the lands of the Chana Rajputs, but the latter revenged themselves upon Kehar whom they attacked and slew as he was hunting.
 Tano fights Husain Shah

Rao Tano succeeded, he laid waste the lands of the Barahas and those of the Langha of Multan. But Husain Shah advanced with the Langaha Pathans clothed in armour with iron helms with the men of Dhudhi, of Khichi, the Khokhar, the Mughal, the Johiya the, Jud and Sayyid, all mounted on horses to the number of ten thousand men to attack the Jadon Rao Tano. They reached the territory of the Barahas who joined them and there they encamped, Rao Tano collected his brethren around him and prepared for defence. During four days they defended the castle and on the fifth the Rao ordered the gates to be thrown open and with his son Bijairae sallied out sword in hand and attacked the besiegers. The Barahas were the first to fly and they were soon followed by the rest of the Asurs. The victors carried the spoils of the field into Tanot. As soon as the armies of Multan and Langaha were driven off the coconut came from Jiju chief of the Butas of Butaban and an alliance offensive and defensive was formed against the prince of Multan.

Tano had five sons Bijairae Makar Jaitang Alan and Rakecha. The second son Makar had issue Maipa who had two sons Mohola and Dakao the latter of whom excavated the lake known by his name. The third son Jaitang had two sons Ratansi and Chohar The first repaired the ruined city of Bikampur, Hohar had two sons Kola and Girraj who founded the towns of Kolasar and Girrajsar.

         Rao Tano
    |      |      |      |      |
Bijairae Makar Jaitang Alan Rakecha
     |         |   |      |      |
Dusaj Singh   Bapi Rao Ankho  Malpasao
  |            |
Jaisal     Bijayraj

Tano having by the interposition of the goddess Bijaiseni discovered a hidden treasure and erected a fortress which he named Bijnot and in this he placed a statue of the goddess on the 13th the enlightened part of the month Margsir the Rohini Nakshatra S 813 (AD 757). He died after ruling eighty years.

Bijairae succeeded in S 870 AD 814. He commenced his reign with the tika daur against his old enemies the Barahas whom he defeated and plundered. In VS 892 he had a son by the Buta queen who was called Deoraj. The Barahas and Langahas once more united to attack the Bhatti prince but they were defeated and put to flight. Finding that they could not succeed by open warfare they had recourse to treachery and killed Bijairae when he had gone with his clansmen to marry the Bahara Princess. Tanot was then invested and taken and nearly every soul in it put to the sword so that the very name of Bhatti was for a while extinct.

Deoraj was protected by his maternal relatives and was kept hidden for a while, he then built a castle in Derawar. Deoraj determined to wreak his revenge on the Barahas and he enjoyed it even to stripping the scarfs from the heads of their females. On his return to Derawar he prepared for an attack on Langaha the heir of which was then on a marriage expedition at Alipur. There Deoraj attacked and slew a thousands of them and then established himself with no opponents. He was treacherously killed while on hunting.

Raja Mund succeeded him and the tika daur was against the assassins of his father who had congregated for defence, eight hundred of whom were put to death. Rawal Mund had one son who was called Bachera, when about fourteen years of age the coconut came from Balabh sen - the Solanki Raja of Patan. He forthwith proceeded to Patan (Gujarat).

Rawal Bachera or Wachuji Bachera succeeded on Saturday the 12th Sravan S 1035. The same rites of installation were performed the Kanphara - split eared Jogi was the first to put the regal lilak on his forehead and his hand upon his back. Rawal Bachera had five sons Dusaj Singh Bapi Rao Ankho and Malpasao all of whom had issue forming clans.

Rawal Dusaj - In the month of Asarh V.S. 1100, Hamir - the prince of the Sodhas made an incursion into his territories which he plundered Dusaj having unavailingly remonstrated reminding him of ancient ties he marched into Dhat and gained a victory. Dusaj had two sons Jaisal and Bijairaj and in his old age a third son by a Ranawat princess of the house of Mewar called Lanja Bijairae who when Dusaj died was placed on the throne by the nobles and civil officers of the State. Lanja Bijairae's son was Bhojdeo from a Solanki princess from Patan and he ruled from Lodarva.

Rao Jaisul conspired against his nephew who was always guarded by Solankis, and joined hands with King of Ghor and slew Bhojdeo who was defending Lodarva.

The Foundation of Jaisalmer c AD 1156 - Jaisal thus obtained the gaddi of Lodorva, but it being open to invasion he sought a spot better adapted for defence and he found one only five coss/ ten miles from Lodorva. On Raviwar (Sunday) the day of the sun a favourite day for commencing any grand undertaking with all these tribes the 12th of Sravan month (about July), the enlightened half of the moon S 1212 or AD 1156 the foundation of Jaisalmer was laid and soon the inhabitants with all that was valuable abandoned Lodorva and began to erect new habitations. Jaisal had two sons Kelan and Salbahan.

Rawal Jaisal Singh
Main article: Rawal Jaisal

Rawal Jaisal Singh was the Bhatti Rajput who founded "The Golden City" of Jaisalmer in 1156 AD. The new fort that he built was on a hill called Trikuta.[7]


The state of Jaisalmer was positioned right on the route from Afghanistan to Delhi. Taking advantage of this strategic position, the Bhattis levied taxes on the passing caravans

Bhatti Rajputs were proficient horse riders,marksman and warriors. Their reign spread to the Punjab,Sindh and beyond, to Afghanistan. The City of Ghazni was named after a brave Bhatti warrior Raja Gaj.. In Lahore, a monument exists to this day, which is called the Bhati Gate, named so probably because it opens in the direction of the "Sandal Bar", an area ruled by Rai Sandal Khan Bhatti Rajput.

Main article: Jaisalmer

The majority of the inhabitants of Jaisalmer are Bhatti, who take their name from an ancestor named Bhatti, renowned as a warrior when the tribe were located in the Punjab area[citation needed]. Shortly after this the clan was driven southwards, and found a refuge in the Indian desert, which was henceforth its home. Prince Deoraj, a famous prince of the Bhatti family, is esteemed the real founder of the Jaisalmer dynasty, and with him the title of Rawal commenced.

In 1156 A.D. Rawal Jaisal, the sixth in succession from Deoraj, founded the fort and city of Jaisalmer, and made it his capital as he moved from his former capital at Lodhruva (which is situated about 15 km to the south-east of Jaisalmer).

In 1293, the Bhattis so enraged the emperor Ala-ud-din Khilji that his army captured and sacked the fort and city of Jaisalmer, so that for sometime it was quite deserted. Some Bhatti's migrated to Talwandi, now Nankana Sahib in Distt. Nankana Sahib and others settled in Larkana (in Sind, Pakistan) under the name of Bhutto. In Nankana Sahib, the Bhatti Clan can be traced from the lineage of Rai Bhoe and Rai Bular Bhatti. After this there is nothing to record until the time of Rawal Sahal Singh, whose reign marks an epoch in Bhatti history in that he finally gave in and acknowledged the supremacy of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Jaisalmer princes had now arrived at the height of their power, but from this time till the accession of Rawal Mulraj in 1762 the fortunes of the state rapidly declined, and most of its outlying provinces were lost. In 1818 Mulraj entered into political relations with the British. Maharawal Salivahan, born in 1887, succeeded to the chieftainship in 1891.

The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their lineage back to Krishna through Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhatti Rajput clan. The major opponents of the Bhatti Rajputs were the powerful Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to fight battles for the possession of forts, waterholes or cattle. Jaisalmer was positioned strategically and was a halting point along a traditional trade route traversed by the camel caravans of Indian and Asian merchants. The route linked India to Central Asia , Egypt, Arabia, Persia, Africa and the West.

1 comment:

  1. Please provide information on how yadav clan (we are also kings) migrated to south India. How we got athreya gothram which is north Indian yadav rajput (from lord Krishna). I got some information on history of my ancestors from 13th centaury. But I want to know how we migrated from north India, if not what is the difference between us.